Tension triggers on borders of Sikkim between India and China

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang

"(India's Defence Minister) (Arun) Jaitley is right that the India of 2017 is different from that of 1962 - India will suffer greater losses than in 1962 if it incites military conflicts".

India, which has a military presence in Bhutan, says its troops approached a Chinese army unit that entered the Doklam area of the Himalayan nation on June 16 and tried to build a road.

With the face-off showing no signs of easing, India and China have reinforced troops in the region.

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Geng said the Sikkim section of the China-India border was defined in the Convention Between Great Britain and China Relating to Sikkim and Tibet in 1890.

According to the editorial in China Daily, India's defeat in the 1962 war was perhaps too "humiliating" for some in the Indian military and that is why they are talking "belligerently" this time. "China and Bhutan had about 24 rounds of boundary talks" says the Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang as the local news media questions about the situation. "There is no dispute between our countries that Doklam belongs to China", he said.

Pakistan may not have paid heed to Jiang's advise, but with peace and tranquility being maintained on the border through a series of agreements, China and India had managed to keep the peace between them, despite a disputed border of over 4,000 km. On 8 September 1965, China said that if India did not dismantle all aggressive military structures on the Sikkim-Tibet boundary, it would be responsible for all consequences.

China on Wednesday claimed that it has a "basic consensus" with Bhutan on the boundary and there is no dispute between two countries in the Doklam area, the centre of the current Sino-India military standoff. "It is reportedly anxious that the Chinese road construction may represent a significant change in the status quo with serious security implications for India, according to its foreign ministry".

China alleged the Indian troops on crossing the border line and interrupting the work of the Chinese troops, which was just a routine work for them. Calling the road's construction an act of sovereignty in its own territory, the Chinese foreign ministry has said that it is "utterly unjustifiable" for the Indian side to interfere on territory over which it has no claim.

Bhutan, which only borders China and India, has no formal diplomatic relations with China and is closely allied with India.

Quoting the note, Geng said, "The Indian government would like to add one more thing that the boundary has already been demarcated as well on the ground". The region also saw clashes between China and India in 1967. "It is not clear to us what exactly is the implication of your statement that the boundaries of Sikkim and Bhutan do not fall within the scope of the present discussion", Nehru wrote in the letter to Zhou.

"It is also a strategic target, two sides are working to achieve".

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